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The Sakamoto eco-neighbourhood
The Sakamoto eco-neighbourhood project is a first in New Caledonia. This type of neighbourhood already exists in Metropolitan France and elsewhere in Europe.
The Sakamoto site, an area of "unserviced, urbanizable" land covering 27 hectares, is one of the last areas of natural interest close to the city centre and surrounded by residential districts. This site is currently illegally occupied by squatters: 83 huts have been erected on the site where 143 households live, i.e. 381 people (219 adults and 162 children), according to the data in the last census carried out by the Centre Communal d’Actions Sociales (C.C.A.S.) in May-June 2010 as part of a sociological analysis of the site's occupants.
All of these factors prompted the municipal executive committee to launch a "pilot" eco-neighbourhood operation in the Noumea municipality, by setting up an expert environmental assessment, jointly-financed with the Caisse des Dépôts public investment organization.
The purpose is to ensure that the principles of sustainable development are respected throughout this project's entire operation (drawing up guidelines, consultation plan etc.).
Main objectives of the Sakamoto eco-neighbourhood :
- Reduce car usage by encouraging use of "soft", more environmentally friendly transport and public or group methods of transport;
- Combat urban sprawl by saving space;
- Encourage social unity through a greater variety of housing;
- Preserve and recreate natural habitats to contribute towards biodiversity;
- Control energy consumption and develop the use of renewable energy sources;
- Economize on use of drinking water resources;
- Develop the use of local, environmentally friendly materials;
- Overall waste management.
- respects the principles of sustainable development: to promote responsible management of resources, fit into the existing city and surrounding area, contribute to a dynamic economy, provide accommodation of every type for all, contributing to peaceful coexistence and the social mix, and offer the required resources for consultation between residents and those involved in the development so as to achieve a shared vision right from the neighbourhood's initial design.
- fits in with the characteristics of its area: the Eco-Neighbourhood is distinguished by its dependence on local resources, whether part of the landscape, urban, human or environmental.
- is monitored and assessed on precise indicators and criteria: the Eco-Neighbourhood approach is based on a charter consisting of 20 commitments and each project is then monitored and assessed on 20 assessment criteria (for commitments related to the context or quality of the practices adopted by the parties involved...) and 20 indicators in precise figures (for commitments associated with national measurable issues).